Happy Birthday Gen. Robert E. Lee
General Robert Edward Lee
(January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870)
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was a career United States Army officer, an engineer, and among the most celebrated generals in American history. Lee was the son of Major General Henry Lee III “Light Horse Harry” (1756–1818), Governor of Virginia, and his second wife, Anne Hill Carter (1773–1829). He was also related to Meriwether Lewis (1774–1809).
A top graduate of West Point, Lee distinguished himself as an exceptional soldier in the U.S. Army for thirty-two years. He is best known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War.
In early 1861, President Abraham Lincoln invited Lee to take command of the entire Union Army. Lee declined because his home state of Virginia was seceding from the Union, despite Lee’s wishes. When Virginia seceded from the Union in April 1861, Lee chose to follow his home state. Lee’s eventual role in the newly established Confederacy was to serve as a senior military adviser to President Jefferson Davis. Lee’s first field command for the Confederate States came in June 1862 when he took command of the Confederate forces in the East (which Lee himself renamed the “Army of Northern Virginia”).
Lee’s greatest victories were the Seven Days Battles, the Second Battle of Bull Run, the Battle of Fredericksburg, the Battle of Chancellorsville, and the Battle of Cold Harbor but both of his campaigns to invade the North ended in failure. Barely escaping defeat at the Battle of Antietam in 1862, Lee was forced to return to the South. In early July 1863, Lee was decisively defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania. However, due to ineffectual pursuit by the commander of Union forces, Major General George Meade, Lee escaped again to Virginia.
You can read the FULL STORY of Gen. Lee HERE.